Westchester

Westchester County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. It is the second-most populous county on the mainland of New York, after the Bronx, and the most populous county in the state north of New York City. Situated in the Hudson Valley, Westchester covers an area of 450 square miles (1,200 km2), consisting of six cities, 19 towns, and 23 villages.

Modern living & old world charm

Westchester County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. It is the second-most populous county on the mainland of New York, after the Bronx, and the most populous county in the state north of New York City. Situated in the Hudson Valley, Westchester covers an area of 450 square miles, consisting of six cities, 19 towns, and 23 villages. Established in 1683, Westchester was named after the city of Chester, England. The county seat is the city of White Plains, while the most populous municipality in the county is the city of Yonkers, with an estimated 200,807 residents in 2016.

Westchester County is one of the centrally located counties within the New York metropolitan area. The county is positioned with New York City, plus Nassau and Suffolk counties (on Long Island, across Long Island Sound), to its south; Putnam County to its north; Fairfield County, Connecticut to its east; and Rockland County and Bergen County, New Jersey across the Hudson River to the west. Westchester was the first suburban area of its scale in the world to develop, due mostly to the upper-middle-class development of entire communities in the late 19th century and the subsequent rapid population growth.

The location

  • East / West Boundaries: Hudson River to Long Island Sound
  • North / South Boundaries: Lake Mohegan to Yonkers

Learn about Westchester

Origins

At the time of European contact in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Native American inhabitants of present-day Westchester County were part of the Algonquian peoples, whose name for themselves was Lenape, meaning the people. They called the region Lenapehoking, which consisted of the area around and between the Delaware and Hudson Rivers. Several different tribes occupied the area, including The Manhattans, and the Weckquaesgeek and Siwanoy bands of the Wappinger in the south, and Tankiteke, Sintsink and Kitchawank Wappinger in the north.

During the 20th century, the rural character of Westchester would transform into the suburban county known today. The Bronx River Parkway, completed in 1925, was the first modern, multi-lane limited-access roadway in North America. The development of Westchester's parks and parkway systems supported existing communities and encouraged the establishment of new ones, transforming the development pattern for Westchester. With the need for homes expanding after World War II, multistory apartment houses appeared in the urbanized areas of the county, while the market for single-family houses continued to expand. By 1950, the total County population was 625,816. Major interstate highways were constructed in Westchester during the 1950s and 1960s. The establishment of these roadways, along with the construction of the Tappan Zee Bridge, led to further growth in the county.

Education
RATING* SCHOOL NAME GRADES SCHOOL TYPE
4 Carrie E Tompkins School Kindergarten - 4th Grade Public
2 Cecil H Parker School Kindergarten - 6th Grade Public
5 Purchase School Kindergarten - 5th Grade Public
N/A Ziccolella Elementary School 1St Grade - 5th Grade Public
3 Kensico School 3Rd Grade - 5th Grade Public
5 Quaker Ridge School Kindergarten - 5th Grade Public
5 Chatsworth Avenue School Kindergarten - 5th Grade Public
4 Tuckahoe Middle School 6th Grade - 8th Grade Public
5 Bronxville Middle School 6th Grade - 8th Grade Public
1 Peekskill Middle School 6th Grade - 8th Grade Public
4 Mamaroneck High School 9th Grade - 12th Grade Public
2 Ossining High School 9th Grade - 12th Grade Public
3 Saunders Trades And Technical High School 9th Grade - 12th Grade Public
2 New Rochelle High School 9th Grade - 12th Grade Public
N/A Ss John & Paul School Preschool - 8th Grade Catholic/Religious
N/A St Augustine School Preschool - 8th Grade Catholic/Religious
N/A St. Gregory The Great Early Childhood Center Preschool - Preschool Catholic/Religious
N/A The Orchard School Kindergarten - 9th Grade Private/Charter
N/A The Hallen School 1St Grade - 12th Grade Private/Charter
N/A Oakview Prep School Of Sda Preschool - 8th Grade Private/Charter
* School data provided by National Center for Education Statistics, Pitney Bowes, and GreatSchools. Intended for reference only. GreatSchools Ratings compare a school’s test performance to statewide results. To verify enrollment eligibility, contact the school or district directly.

Communities of Westchester